History of Soccer – The Middle Ages
In the middle ages of soccer timeline the game entered Europe in different forms. One popular way of playing it was called ‘Mob Soccer’, which was somehow chaotic and played between entire villages. Team could have as many players as they wished, as long as they were from the same village. Players had one role only, to kick the ball towards specific landmarks and defending their owns. As documented, balls were made out of pig’s bladders or leather skins, stuffed with different kind of materials. Now imagine two groups of people running next to each other, pushing and punching in the attempt to kick the ball.
Another type of soccer was played in France. The game was called ‘La Choule’ and was played on special occasions, like for example after Sunday’s mass or other town gatherings. And how was the game played? Well, if you know soccer, handball, hockey, floorball and kickboxing, and if you try to mix all this sports in one, that is how it looked. Each team was trying to score the opponents goal and they could use whatever means necessary. Some records show that players were helping themselves with sticks, which was quite painful for the opponent if the ball was missed.
English type of soccer history was known as a more violent in its nature. Because it was so dangerous and sinful, and it was causing great noise in the city, Nicholas de Farndone, the Mayor of London has banned playing soccer in 1314. Later on similar bans were provided by King Edward III in 1365 and by King James I of Scotland in 1424. In these times the game was referenced with the word ‘football’ for the first time.
Despite the bans the soccer was becoming more and more popular, it was even introduced to English public schools to keep young boys fit. With time, the game has become more organized, teams were better defined, players were playing on their own positions, referees and coaches have got their roles. Even if the rules differ from school to school, it was the most important for that time that soccer was getting organized.
The Modern History of Soccer
In an effort of organizing soccer on a higher level for larger tournaments, there was a need for governing body and this idea comes live in 1863 by solicitor Cobb Morley. Several soccer clubs around London set the base for the future organization called ‘Football Association’. Cobb Morley has also drawn up the ‘Laws of the game’, one of the most important documents in the history of soccer, with the official soccer rules in it.
In around 30 years the more organized game and soccer rules spread rapidly, as British sailors, traders and soldiers introduced the sport to different parts of the world. First national teams were formed at the beginning of the 20th century and national leagues were forming in countries all over the world.
FIFA (Federation of International Football Associations) as the international government body was established in 1904 and by 1930 most of European and American nations joined it, as they saw the benefits of organizing the sport internationally. FIFA organized first World Cup Soccer Championship in Uruguay in 1930.
Today, soccer is proven to be the most popular sport in the world, played on all continents and almost by every nation. Naturally, it comes to slight modifications in the game rules every now and then to meet the standards of modern soccer, but the game’s constitution is merrily set since 1963.
Find more information about the history of soccer on FIFA website.
899 total views, 1 views today